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How do i prepare a first aid kit?

10/09/2019

It is highly recommended that at least one team member carry a first aid kit to attend to possible injuries during the game.

By Mapache, in 2001.

How do I prepare a first aid kit? Tutorials
First aid kit pouch with Mollé system.

FIRST AID KIT

We all know that when you do an outdoor activity like ours, you can suffer accidents. Cuts, falls, stings and a long etc. Sometimes we also play at night and in places that we often do not know. So I think it is very convenient to always carry a first aid kit on our team.

The first aid kit is a basic resource, since it contains the essential elements to provide care to victims of an accident or sudden illness.

The first aid kit should be everywhere where there is a concentration of people.



Antiseptics


Antiseptics are substances whose objective is the prevention of infection by preventing the growth of germs that are commonly present in all injuries.

IODOPOVIDONE


Quick-acting germicidal povidone-iodine is used as a soap and solution to clean and disinfect lesions. Yodopovidone can cause an allergic reaction, so it should not be used in patients with a history of allergy to iodine.


ALCOHOL


It is used to disinfect clinical thermometers, tweezers, scissors, or other instruments. It is also used for cleaning the skin, prior to injection. It is not advisable to use it on a wound because it irritates the tissues.


PHYSIOLOGICAL SERUM OR NORMAL SALINE SOLUTION

It is used to clean or wash wounds and burns, also as a nasal decongestant. In its place, sterile water can be used.


SOAP

Of toilet, bar or liquid for washing hands, wounds and material. above


GAS PRODUCTS

Suggested are those that come in packages that contain one or more individual sterile pads. Sufficient material to treat an injury only. Each package is closed in sterile cover. It is used to clean and cover wounds or stop bleeding.


COMPRESSES

Portion of square edged gauze, sterile large enough to extend beyond the edge of the wound or burn. It is also useful when attending a haemorrhage.


DRESSINGS

Absorbent sterile cotton and gauze pads come in various sizes depending on the lesion to be covered. If you do not have individual gauze or dressings, make them with the gauze normally available in packages. Taking care that all edges are inside so that no strand is in contact with the wound.


National Sales

Roll and triangular bandages are essential. It is recommended to include elastic and gauze bandages of different sizes.


ADHESIVE TAPE

(Such as bandages - bandages), they are useful to cover small wounds.


BAJALEGUAS

In first aid they are used to immobilize fractures or dislocations of the fingers.


SCOTCH TAPE

It is used to fix gauze, dressings, bandages and to face the edges of wounds.


COTTON

It is used to cover splints or immobilizers, improvise dressings and disinfect instruments; it should never be placed directly on an open wound.


INSTRUMENTAL AND OTHER ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS


Disguise Gloves Disposable Gloves Tweezers
Oral Thermometer Scissors Blades Blades Flashlight
Magnifier Matchbox Lighter
Wet Wipes Emergency Telephone List First Aid Manual
Spoons Disposable handkerchiefs Disposable cups
Needle and Thread Thermal blanket Plastic Bags
Notebook and pencil Hooks


MEDICINES


Analgesics
The first aid kit should mainly contain pain relievers, pain relievers to relieve pain caused by trauma and to avoid going into shock, however it should not be used indiscriminately because its action can hide the severity of your injury.
The main painkillers used are acetylsalicylic acid and that in the market, can be found under different trade names, these are also antipyretic (lower fever).


ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID

Analgesic commercially known as: aspirin (adults-children), ameliorate (adults-children), asawin (adults-children), bufferin, rhonal, ascriptin, are substances with enteric layer that avoid gastric discomfort. To administer these pain relievers or pain relievers the following precautions should be taken:
Always administer with water; never with coffee, soda or alcoholic beverages. Do not administer to people with gastric problems (ulcers). Do not administer to people who bleed easily (hemophiliacs). Do not administer during pregnancy, since the mother as a child is at risk because the mechanism of coagulation. Do not administer to people with kidney problems. Do not administer to people with a history of allergy to this medication above


ORAL SERUM

It is essential to have them since, in addition to being administered in cases of diarrhea to avoid complications of this, it is also useful to administer in cases of burns, hemorrhages or in any situation that the victim presents with dehydration, thus avoiding shock.


ANTIHISTAMINE

It should not be an essential medicine in the kit. Antihistamines are indicated for people who have a severe allergic reaction to insect bites and dizziness.
These medications have adverse effects, sedation, drowsiness, decreased reflexes. It should not be mixed with liquor because it produces dizziness, incoordination, blurred vision, double vision, nausea, vomiting, headache.
They are contraindicated when there is hypersensitivity to antihistamines, during pregnancy and lactation.
It is available in tablets (influenza, chlorotrimetron, fenergan, benadryl) and in cream for insect bites (caldryl).


PREVENTION

Make a list of the contents and stick it to the top of the medicine cabinet. All the elements must be properly packed and marked, in case of liquids it is recommended to use plastic containers, since the glass can easily break. Periodically you should check the medicine cabinet and replace those items that are dirty, contaminated, damaged, expired (medications) or that the name of the medication cannot be clearly seen. After using the instruments in a medicine cabinet, they must be properly washed, disinfected, dried and stored again. To administer medications, the contraindications for each case must be taken into account.

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